Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Unit, ISI Delhi

Irreducibility and Galois Groups of Generalized Laguerre Polynomials $L_{n}^{(-1-n-r)}(x)$

by Ankita Jindal, Shanta Laishram and Ritumoni Sarma

We study the algebraic properties of Generalized Laguerre polynomials for negative integral values of a given parameter which is $L_{n}^{(-1-n-r)}(x)= \sum\limits_{j=0}^{n} \binom{n-j+r}{n-j} \frac{x^{j}}{j!}$
for integers $r\geq 0, n\geq 1$. For different values of parameter $r$, this family provides polynomials which are of great interest. Hajir conjectured that for integers $r\geq 0$ and $n\geq 1$, $L_{n}^{(-1-n-r)}(x)$ is an irreducible polynomial whose Galois group contains $A_n$, the alternating group on $n$ symbols. Extending earlier results of Schur, Hajir, Sell, Nair and Shorey, we confirm this conjecture for all $r\leq 60$.
We also prove that $L_{n}^{(-1-n-r)}(x)$ is an irreducible polynomial whose Galois group contains $A_n$ whenever $n>e^{r\left(1+\frac{1.2762}{{\rm log } r}\right)}$.

isid/ms/2016/15 [fulltext]

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